Thursday, July 20, 2017

Discovery of a covalent kinase inhibitor from a DNA encoded small-molecule library X protein library selection

Discovery of a Covalent Kinase Inhibitor from a DNA-Encoded Small-Molecule Library × Protein Library Selection

Alix I. Chan, Lynn M. McGregor, Tara Jain, and David R. Liu
The Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 75 Ames Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United States
J. Am. Chem. Soc., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b04880

We previously reported interaction determination using unpurified proteins (IDUP), a method to selectively amplify DNA sequences encoding ligand:target pairs from a mixture of DNA-linked small molecules and unpurified protein targets in cell lysates. In this study, we applied IDUP to libraries of DNA-encoded bioactive compounds and DNA-tagged human kinases to identify ligand:protein binding partners out of 32 096 possible combinations in a single solution-phase library × library experiment. The results recapitulated known small molecule:protein interactions and also revealed that ethacrynic acid is a novel ligand and inhibitor of MAP2K6 kinase. Ethacrynic acid inhibits MAP2K6 in part through alkylation of a nonconserved cysteine residue. This work validates the ability of IDUP to discover ligands for proteins of biomedical relevance.

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