Monday, July 15, 2019

Rotational Freedom, Steric Hindrance, and Protein Dynamics Explain BLU554 Selectivity for the Hinge Cysteine of FGFR4

Lin, Xiaojing, Yosaatmadja, Yuliana, Kalyukina, Maria, Middleditch, Martin J., Zhang, Zhen, Lu, Xiaoyun, Ding, Ke, Patterson, Adam V., Smaill, Jeff B., Squire, Christopher J.

ACS Med. Chem. Lett., 2019
doi: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.9b00196

Aberration in FGFR4 signaling drives carcinogenesis and progression in a subset of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, thereby making FGFR4 an attractive molecular target for this disease. Selective FGFR4 inhibition can be achieved through covalently targeting a poorly conserved cysteine residue in the FGFR4 kinase domain. We report mass spectrometry assays and cocrystal structures of FGFR4 in covalent complex with the clinical candidate BLU554 and with a series of four structurally related inhibitors that define the inherent reactivity and selectivity profile of these molecules. We further reveal the structure of FGFR1 with one of our inhibitors and show that off-target covalent binding can occur through an alternative conformation that supports targeting of a cysteine conserved in all members of the FGFR family. Collectively, we propose that rotational freedom, steric hindrance, and protein dynamics explain the exceptional selectivity profile of BLU554 for targeting FGFR4.

Covalent drug discovery using sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange warheads

Huang Huang, Lyn H. Jones Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery , 2023 Covalent drug discovery has ...