Thursday, November 21, 2019

Modulating multi-functional ERK complexes by covalent targeting of a recruitment site in vivo

Tamer S. Kaoud, William H. Johnson, Nancy D. Ebelt, Andrea Piserchio, Diana Zamora-Olivares, Sabrina X. Van Ravenstein, Jacey R. Pridgen, Ramakrishna Edupuganti, Rachel Sammons, Micael Cano, Mangalika Warthaka, Matthew Harger, Clint D. J. Tavares, Jihyun Park, Mohamed F. Radwan, Pengyu Ren, Eric V. Anslyn, Kenneth Y. Tsai, Ranajeet Ghose & Kevin N. Dalby

Nat. Commun. 2019, 105232


Recently, the targeting of ERK with ATP-competitive inhibitors has emerged as a potential clinical strategy to overcome acquired resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitor combination therapies. In this study, we investigate an alternative strategy of targeting the D-recruitment site (DRS) of ERK. The DRS is a conserved region that lies distal to the active site and mediates ERK–protein interactions. We demonstrate that the small molecule BI-78D3 binds to the DRS of ERK2 and forms a covalent adduct with a conserved cysteine residue (C159) within the pocket and disrupts signaling in vivo. BI-78D3 does not covalently modify p38MAPK, JNK or ERK5. BI-78D3 promotes apoptosis in BRAF inhibitor-naive and resistant melanoma cells containing a BRAF V600E mutation. These studies provide the basis for designing modulators of protein–protein interactions involving ERK, with the potential to impact ERK signaling dynamics and to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in ERK-dependent cancers.

Chemical Specification of E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Engagement by Cysteine-Reactive Chemistry

Roman C. Sarott, Inchul You, Yen-Der Li, Sean T. Toenjes, Katherine A. Donovan, Pooreum Seo, Martha Ordonez, Woong Sub Byun, Muhammad Murtaz...