Monday, February 10, 2020

Development of a covalent inhibitor of gut bacterial bile salt hydrolases

Arijit A. Adhikari, Tom C. M. Seegar, Scott B. Ficarro, Megan D. McCurry, Deepti Ramachandran, Lina Yao, Snehal N. Chaudhari, Sula Ndousse-Fetter, Alexander S. Banks, Jarrod A. Marto, Stephen C. Blacklow & A. Sloan Devlin

Nature Chemical Biology (2020)
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41589-020-0467-3

Bile salt hydrolase (BSH) enzymes are widely expressed by human gut bacteria and catalyze the gateway reaction leading to secondary bile acid formation. Bile acids regulate key metabolic and immune processes by binding to host receptors. There is an unmet need for a potent tool to inhibit BSHs across all gut bacteria to study the effects of bile acids on host physiology. Here, we report the development of a covalent pan-inhibitor of gut bacterial BSHs. From a rationally designed candidate library, we identified a lead compound bearing an alpha-fluoromethyl ketone warhead that modifies BSH at the catalytic cysteine residue. This inhibitor abolished BSH activity in conventional mouse feces. Mice gavaged with a single dose of this compound displayed decreased BSH activity and decreased deconjugated bile acid levels in feces. Our studies demonstrate the potential of a covalent BSH inhibitor to modulate bile acid composition in vivo.

Discovery and Characterization of a Novel Series of Chloropyrimidines as Covalent Inhibitors of the Kinase MSK1

Adrian Hall, Jan Abendroth, Madison J. Bolejack, Tom Ceska, Sylvie Dell’Aiera, Victoria Ellis, David Fox, Cyril François, Muigai M. Muruthi,...