Sandra Gunesch, David Soriano-Castell, Stephanie Lamer, Andreas Schlosser, Pamela Maher, and Michael Decker
ACS Chemical Neuroscience 2020
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, and up to now, there are no disease-modifying drugs available. Natural product hybrids based on the flavonoid taxifolin and phenolic acids have shown a promising pleiotropic neuroprotective profile in cell culture assays and even disease-modifying effects in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms of action remain unclear. To elucidate the distinct intracellular targets of 7-O-esters of taxifolin, we present in this work the development and application of a chemical probe, 7-O-cinnamoyltaxifolin-alkyne, for target identification using activity-based protein profiling. 7-O-Cinnamoyltaxifolin-alkyne remained neuroprotective in all cell culture assays. Western blot analysis showed a comparable influence on the same intracellular pathways as that of the lead compound 7-O-cinnamoyltaxifolin, thereby confirming its suitability as a probe for target identification experiments. Affinity pulldown and MS analysis revealed adenine nucleotide translocase 1 (ANT-1) and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) as intracellular interaction partners of 7-O-cinnamoyltaxifolin-alkyne and thus of 7-O-esters of taxifolin.