Thursday, March 4, 2021

Sulfur [18F]Fluoride Exchange Click Chemistry Enabled Ultrafast Late-Stage Radiosynthesis


Qinheng Zheng, Hongtao Xu, Hua Wang, Wen-Ge Han Du, Nan Wang, Huan Xiong, Yuang Gu, Louis Noodleman, K. Barry Sharpless, Guang Yang, and Peng Wu
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c09306

The lack of efficient [18F]fluorination processes and target-specific organofluorine chemotypes remains the major challenge of fluorine-18 positron emission tomography (PET). We report here an ultrafast isotopic exchange method for the radiosynthesis of novel PET agent aryl [18F]fluorosulfate enabled by the emerging sulfur fluoride exchange (SuFEx) click chemistry. The method has been applied to the fully automated 18F-radiolabeling of 25 structurally and functionally diverse aryl fluorosulfates with excellent radiochemical yield (83–100%, median 98%) and high molar activity (280 GBq μmol–1) at room temperature in 30 s. The purification of radiotracers requires no time-consuming HPLC but rather a simple cartridge filtration. We further demonstrate the imaging application of a rationally designed poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1)-targeting aryl [18F]fluorosulfate by probing subcutaneous tumors in vivo.

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