Friday, March 25, 2022

Chemical Proteomics Reveals Antibiotic Targets of Oxadiazolones in MRSA [@atbakker]

Bakker, A.; Kotsogianni, I.; Mirenda, L.; Straub, V.; Florea, B.; van den Berg, R.; Janssen, A.; Martin, N.; van der Stelt, M. ChemRxiv 2022

doi: https://doi.org/10.26434/chemrxiv-2022-7gcmd

Phenotypic screening is a powerful approach to identify novel antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection, but elucidation of the targets responsible for antimicrobial activity is often challenging in the case of compounds with a polypharmacological mode-of-action. Here, we show that activity-based protein profiling maps the target interaction landscape of a series of 1,3,4-oxadiazole-3-ones, identified in a phenotypic screen to have high antibacterial potency against multidrug resistant S. aureus. In situ competitive and comparative chemical proteomics with a tailor-made activity-based probe, in combination with transposon and resistance studies, revealed several cysteine and serine hydrolases as relevant targets. Our data showcase oxadiazolones as novel antibacterial chemotype with a polypharmacological mode-of-action, in which FabH, FphC and AdhE play a central role.



Oncogenic KRAS G12C: Kinetic and Redox Characterization of Covalent Inhibition

Minh V. Huynh, Derek Parsonage, Tom E. Forshaw, Venkat R. Chirasani, G. Aaron Hobbs, Hanzhi Wu, Jingyun Lee, Cristina M. Furdui, Leslie B. P...