Albert H. Chan, Won-Gil Lee, Krasimir A. Spasov, José A. Cisneros, Shalley N. Kudalkar, Zaritza O. Petrova, Amanda B. Buckingham, Karen S. Anderson, and William L. Jorgensen
Development of resistance remains a major challenge for drugs to treat HIV-1 infections, including those targeting the essential viral polymerase, HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT). Resistance associated with the Tyr181Cys mutation in HIV-1 RT has been a key roadblock in the discovery of nonnucleoside RT inhibitors (NNRTIs). It is the principal point mutation that arises from treatment of HIV-infected patients with nevirapine, the first-in-class drug still widely used, especially in developing countries. We report covalent inhibitors of Tyr181Cys RT (CRTIs) that can completely knock out activity of the resistant mutant and of the particularly challenging Lys103Asn/Tyr181Cys variant. Conclusive evidence for the covalent modification of Cys181 is provided from enzyme inhibition kinetics, mass spectrometry, protein crystallography, and antiviral activity in infected human T-cell assays. The CRTIs are also shown to be selective for Cys181 and have lower cytotoxicity than the approved NNRTI drugs efavirenz and rilpivirine.
A blog highlighting recent publications in the area of covalent modification of proteins, particularly relating to covalent-modifier drugs. @CovalentMod on Twitter and @email@example.com on Mastodon
Monday, August 21, 2017
Covalent inhibitors for eradication of drug-resistant HIV-1 reverse transcriptase: From design to protein crystallography
Covalent drug discovery using sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange warheads
Huang Huang, Lyn H. Jones Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery , 2023 https://doi.org/10.1080/17460441.2023.2218642 Covalent drug discovery has ...
Zhao, Z.; Bourne, P. E. ChemRxiv 2022 . https://doi.org/10.26434/chemrxiv-2022-nlb0m Kinase-targeted drug discovery for cancer therapy ha...
Wang, S.; Hadisurya, M.; Tao, W. A.; Dykhuizen, E.; Krusemark, C. ChemRxiv 2022 . https://doi.org/10.26434/chemrxiv-2022-tvgn1 Targeted co...
Jian Ding, Guo Li, Hejun Liu, Lulu Liu, Ying Lin, Jingyan Gao, Guoqiang Zhou, Lingling Shen, Mengxi Zhao, Yanyan Yu, Weihui Guo, Ulrich Homm...