Thursday, April 11, 2019

Lysine-Targeted Inhibitors and Chemoproteomic Probes


Adolfo Cuesta and Jack Taunton
Annual Review of Biochemistry, 2019
DOI: https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev-biochem-061516-044805

Covalent inhibitors are widely used in drug discovery and chemical biology. Although covalent inhibitors are frequently designed to react with noncatalytic cysteines, many ligand binding sites lack an accessible cysteine. Here, we review recent advances in the chemical biology of lysine-targeted covalent inhibitors and chemoproteomic probes. By analyzing crystal structures of proteins bound to common metabolites and enzyme cofactors, we identify a large set of mostly unexplored lysines that are potentially targetable with covalent inhibitors. In addition, we describe mass spectrometry-based approaches for determining proteome-wide lysine ligandability and lysine-reactive chemoproteomic probes for assessing drug–target engagement. Finally, we discuss the design of amine-reactive inhibitors that form reversible covalent bonds with their protein targets.

keywords: aldehyde, sulfonyl fluoride, chemoproteomics, kinase, reversible covalent

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Minh V. Huynh, Derek Parsonage, Tom E. Forshaw, Venkat R. Chirasani, G. Aaron Hobbs, Hanzhi Wu, Jingyun Lee, Cristina M. Furdui, Leslie B. P...