Sunday, May 31, 2020

Medicinal Chemistry Strategies for the Development of Kinase Inhibitors Targeting Point Mutations

Xiaoyun Lu, Jeff Bruce Smaill, and Ke Ding
J. Med. Chem. 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c00507

Clinically acquired resistance to small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMKIs) has become a major “unmet clinical need” in cancer therapy. To date, there are six SMKIs to be approved for the treatment of cancer patients through targeting of clinically acquired resistance caused by on-target mutations, these are mainly focused on the mutant kinases Bcr-Abl T315I, EGFR T790M and ALK L1196M. Herein, we summarize the major medicinal chemistry strategies employed in the discovery of these representative SMKIs, such as avoiding steric hindrance, making additional interactions with mutated residues and forming a covalent bond with an active site cysteine to override resistance observed for reversible inhibitors. Additionally, we also briefly describe allosteric kinase inhibitors and proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) as two other potential strategies, while addressing future opportunities in this area.

Discovery and Characterization of a Novel Series of Chloropyrimidines as Covalent Inhibitors of the Kinase MSK1

Adrian Hall, Jan Abendroth, Madison J. Bolejack, Tom Ceska, Sylvie Dell’Aiera, Victoria Ellis, David Fox, Cyril François, Muigai M. Muruthi,...