Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Structure and Characterization of a Covalent Inhibitor of Src Kinase [@kenwestover]

Gurbani Deepak, Du Guangyan, Henning Nathaniel J., Rao Suman, Bera Asim K., Zhang Tinghu, Gray Nathanael S., Westover Kenneth D.

Front. Mol. Biosci.,  2020 

Unregulated Src activity promotes malignant processes in cancer, but no Src-directed targeted therapies are used clinically, possibly because early Src inhibitors produce off-target effects leading to toxicity. Improved selective Src inhibitors may enable Src-directed therapies. Previously, we reported an irreversible Src inhibitor, DGY-06-116, based on the hybridization of dasatinib and a promiscuous covalent kinase probe SM1-71. Here, we report biochemical and biophysical characterization of this compound. An x-ray co-crystal structure of DGY-06-116: Src shows a covalent interaction with the kinase p-loop and occupancy of the back hydrophobic kinase pocket, explaining its high potency, and selectivity. However, a reversible analog also shows similar potency. Kinetic analysis shows a slow inactivation rate compared to other clinically approved covalent kinase inhibitors, consistent with a need for p-loop movement prior to covalent bond formation. Overall, these results suggest that a strong reversible interaction is required to allow sufficient time for the covalent reaction to occur. Further optimization of the covalent linker may improve the kinetics of covalent bond formation.

Covalent drug discovery using sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange warheads

Huang Huang, Lyn H. Jones Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery , 2023 Covalent drug discovery has ...