Sunday, August 29, 2021

A Potent Fluorescent Reversible-Covalent Inhibitor of Cardiac Muscle Contraction

 Fangze Cai, Thomas Kampourakis, Brittney A. Klein, and Brian D. Sykes

ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.1c00366

Compounds that directly modulate the response of the cardiac sarcomere have potential in the treatment of cardiac disease. While a number of sarcomere activators have been discovered and extensively studied, very few inhibitors have been identified. We report a potent cardiac sarcomere inhibitor, DN-F01, targeting the cardiac muscle thin filament protein troponin complex. Functional studies show that DN-F01 has a strong inhibitory calcium-dependent effect on cardiac myofibrillar ATPase activity with an IC50 value of 11 ± 4 nmol/L. DN-F01 is shown to bind to a cardiac troponin C–troponin I chimera (cChimera) with a KD of ∼50 nM using fluorescence spectroscopy, indicating that troponin is the likely target for DN-F01. NMR titrations of DN-F01 to C35S and A-Cys cChimera show covalent and noncovalent binding of DN-F01 bound to the calcium-saturated cChimera.

Oncogenic KRAS G12C: Kinetic and Redox Characterization of Covalent Inhibition

Minh V. Huynh, Derek Parsonage, Tom E. Forshaw, Venkat R. Chirasani, G. Aaron Hobbs, Hanzhi Wu, Jingyun Lee, Cristina M. Furdui, Leslie B. P...