Thursday, February 24, 2022

Aryl Fluorosulfate-Based Inhibitors that Covalently Target the SIRT5 Lysine Deacylase [@ChristianAOlsen]

Bolding, J. E.; Martín-Gago, P.; Rajabi, N.; Gamon, L. F.; Hansen, T. N.; Davies, M. J.; Olsen, C. A. ChemRxiv 2022

The sirtuin enzymes are a family of lysine deacylases that regulate gene transcription and metabolism. Sirtuin 5 (SIRT5) hydrolyzes malonyl, succinyl, and glutaryl epsilon‐N‐carboxyacyllysine posttranslational modifications and has recently emerged as a vulnerability in certain cancers. However, chemical probes to illuminate its potential as a pharmacological target has been lacking. Here we report the harnessing of aryl fluorosulfate-based electrophiles as an avenue to furnish covalent inhibitors that target SIRT5. Alkyne-tagged affinity-labeling agents recognize and capture SIRT5 in cultured HEK293T cells and can label SIRT5 in the hearts of mice upon intravenous injection of the compound. This work demonstrates the utility of aryl fluorosulfate electrophiles for targeting of SIRT5 and suggests this as a means for the development of potential covalent drug candidates. It is our hope that these results will provide a key reference for future studies investigating SIRT5 and general sirtuin biology in the mitochondria.

Covalent drug discovery using sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange warheads

Huang Huang, Lyn H. Jones Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery , 2023 Covalent drug discovery has ...