Bolding, J. E.; Martín-Gago, P.; Rajabi, N.; Gamon, L. F.; Hansen, T. N.; Davies, M. J.; Olsen, C. A. ChemRxiv 2022
The sirtuin enzymes are a family of lysine deacylases that regulate gene transcription and metabolism. Sirtuin 5 (SIRT5) hydrolyzes malonyl, succinyl, and glutaryl epsilon‐N‐carboxyacyllysine posttranslational modifications and has recently emerged as a vulnerability in certain cancers. However, chemical probes to illuminate its potential as a pharmacological target has been lacking. Here we report the harnessing of aryl fluorosulfate-based electrophiles as an avenue to furnish covalent inhibitors that target SIRT5. Alkyne-tagged affinity-labeling agents recognize and capture SIRT5 in cultured HEK293T cells and can label SIRT5 in the hearts of mice upon intravenous injection of the compound. This work demonstrates the utility of aryl fluorosulfate electrophiles for targeting of SIRT5 and suggests this as a means for the development of potential covalent drug candidates. It is our hope that these results will provide a key reference for future studies investigating SIRT5 and general sirtuin biology in the mitochondria.