Monday, May 24, 2021

Selective Inhibition of DNA Polymerase β by a Covalent Inhibitor

 Shelby C. Yuhas, Daniel J. Laverty, Huijin Lee, Ananya Majumdar, and Marc M. Greenberg

Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c02453

DNA polymerase β (Pol β) plays a vital role in DNA repair and has been closely linked to cancer. Selective inhibitors of this enzyme are lacking. Inspired by DNA lesions produced by antitumor agents that inactivate Pol β, we have undertaken the development of covalent small-molecule inhibitors of this enzyme. Using a two-stage process involving chemically synthesized libraries, we identified a potent irreversible inhibitor (14) of Pol β (KI = 1.8 ± 0.45 μM, kinact = (7.0 ± 1.0) × 10–3 s–1). Inhibitor 14 selectively inactivates Pol β over other DNA polymerases. LC-MS/MS analysis of trypsin digests of Pol β treated with 14 identified two lysines within the polymerase binding site that are covalently modified, one of which was previously determined to play a role in DNA binding. Fluorescence anisotropy experiments show that pretreatment of Pol β with 14 prevents DNA binding. Experiments using a pro-inhibitor (pro-14) in wild type mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) indicate that the inhibitor (5 μM) is itself not cytotoxic but works synergistically with the DNA alkylating agent, methylmethanesulfonate (MMS), to kill cells. Moreover, experiments in Pol β null MEFs indicate that pro-14 is selective for the target enzyme. Finally, pro-14 also works synergistically with MMS and bleomycin to kill HeLa cells. The results suggest that pro-14 is a potentially useful tool in studies of the role of Pol β in disease.



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Minh V. Huynh, Derek Parsonage, Tom E. Forshaw, Venkat R. Chirasani, G. Aaron Hobbs, Hanzhi Wu, Jingyun Lee, Cristina M. Furdui, Leslie B. P...