Monday, November 25, 2019

Global targeting of functional tyrosines using sulfur-triazole exchange chemistry

Heung Sik Hahm, Emmanuel K. Toroitich, Adam L. Borne, Jeffrey W. Brulet, Adam H. Libby, Kun Yuan, Timothy B. Ware, Rebecca L. McCloud, Anthony M. Ciancone & Ku-Lung Hsu

Nat Chem Biol (2019) doi:10.1038/s41589-019-0404-5

Covalent probes serve as valuable tools for global investigation of protein function and ligand binding capacity. Despite efforts to expand coverage of residues available for chemical proteomics (e.g., cysteine and lysine), a large fraction of the proteome remains inaccessible with current activity-based probes. Here, we introduce sulfur-triazole exchange (SuTEx) chemistry as a tunable platform for developing covalent probes with broad applications for chemical proteomics. We show modifications to the triazole leaving group can furnish sulfonyl probes with ~5-fold enhanced chemoselectivity for tyrosines over other nucleophilic amino acids to investigate more than 10,000 tyrosine sites in lysates and live cells. We discover that tyrosines with enhanced nucleophilicity are enriched in enzymatic, protein–protein interaction and nucleotide recognition domains. We apply SuTEx as a chemical phosphoproteomics strategy to monitor activation of phosphotyrosine sites. Collectively, we describe SuTEx as a biocompatible chemistry for chemical biology investigations of the human proteome.

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Use of Pyridazinediones as Extracellular Cleavable Linkers Through Reversible Cysteine Conjugation

Calise Bahou , Richard Spears , Abil Aliev , Antoine Maruani , Marcos Fernandez , Faiza Javaid , Peter Szijj , James Baker and Vijay Chudasama

Chem. Commun. 2019
DOI: 10.1039/C9CC08362F

Herein we report a retro-Michael deconjugation pathway of thiol-pyridazinedione linked protein bioconjugates to provide a novel cleavable linker technology. We demonstrate that the novel pyridazinedione linker does not suffer from off-target modification with blood thiols (e.g. glutathione, human serum albumin (HSA)), which is in sharp contrast to an analogous maleimide linker.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Modulating multi-functional ERK complexes by covalent targeting of a recruitment site in vivo

Tamer S. Kaoud, William H. Johnson, Nancy D. Ebelt, Andrea Piserchio, Diana Zamora-Olivares, Sabrina X. Van Ravenstein, Jacey R. Pridgen, Ramakrishna Edupuganti, Rachel Sammons, Micael Cano, Mangalika Warthaka, Matthew Harger, Clint D. J. Tavares, Jihyun Park, Mohamed F. Radwan, Pengyu Ren, Eric V. Anslyn, Kenneth Y. Tsai, Ranajeet Ghose & Kevin N. Dalby

Nat. Commun. 2019, 105232


Recently, the targeting of ERK with ATP-competitive inhibitors has emerged as a potential clinical strategy to overcome acquired resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitor combination therapies. In this study, we investigate an alternative strategy of targeting the D-recruitment site (DRS) of ERK. The DRS is a conserved region that lies distal to the active site and mediates ERK–protein interactions. We demonstrate that the small molecule BI-78D3 binds to the DRS of ERK2 and forms a covalent adduct with a conserved cysteine residue (C159) within the pocket and disrupts signaling in vivo. BI-78D3 does not covalently modify p38MAPK, JNK or ERK5. BI-78D3 promotes apoptosis in BRAF inhibitor-naive and resistant melanoma cells containing a BRAF V600E mutation. These studies provide the basis for designing modulators of protein–protein interactions involving ERK, with the potential to impact ERK signaling dynamics and to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in ERK-dependent cancers.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Structure–Activity Relationship Study of Covalent Pan-phosphatidylinositol 5-Phosphate 4-Kinase Inhibitors

Theresa D. ManzSindhu C. SivakumarenAdam YasgarMatthew D. HallMindy I. DavisHyuk-Soo SeoJoseph D. CardScott B. FicarroHyeseok ShimJarrod A. MartoSirano Dhe-PaganonAtsuo T. SasakiMatthew B. BoxerAnton SimeonovLewis C. CantleyMin ShenTinghu ZhangFleur M. Ferguson, and Nathanael S. Gray

ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters  2019DOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.9b00402

Phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinases (PI5P4Ks) are important molecular players in a variety of diseases, such as cancer. Currently available PI5P4K inhibitors are reversible small molecules, which may lack selectivity and sufficient cellular on-target activity. In this study, we present a new class of covalent pan-PI5P4K inhibitors with potent biochemical and cellular activity. Our designs are based on THZ-P1-2, a covalent PI5P4K inhibitor previously developed in our lab. Here, we report further structure-guided optimization and structure–activity relationship (SAR) study of this scaffold, resulting in compound 30, which retained biochemical and cellular potency, while demonstrating a significantly improved selectivity profile. Furthermore, we confirm that the inhibitors show efficient binding affinity in the context of HEK 293T cells using isothermal CETSA methods. Taken together, compound 30 represents a highly selective pan-PI5P4K covalent lead molecule.

Thiol Reactivity of N-Aryl α-Methylene-γ-lactams: Influence of the Guaianolide Structure [@KayBrummond]

 Daniel P. Dempe, Chong-Lei Ji, Peng Liu, and Kay M. Brummond The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2020 DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.2c01530 The α-meth...