Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Structure-Activity Relationships of potent, targeted covalent inhibitors that abolish both the transamidation and GTP binding activities of human tissue transglutaminase

Abdullah Akbar, Nicole M.R. McNeil, Marie R. Albert, Viviane Ta, Gautam Adhikary, Karine Bourgeois, Richard L. Eckert, and Jeffrey W. Keillor

J. Med. Chem., 2017
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01070

Human tissue transglutaminase (hTG2) is a multifunctional enzyme. It is primarily known for its calcium-dependent transamidation activity that leads to formation of an isopeptide bond between glutamine and lysine residues found on the surface of proteins, but it is also a GTP binding protein. Overexpression and unregulated hTG2 activity has been associated with numerous human diseases, including cancer stem cell survival and metastatic phenotype. Herein, we present a series of targeted covalent inhibitors (TCIs) based on our previously reported Cbz-Lys scaffold. From this structure-activity relationship (SAR) study, novel irreversible inhibitors were identified that block the transamidation activity of hTG2 and allosterically abolish its GTP binding ability with a high degree of selectivity and efficiency (kinact/KI > 105 M-1min-1). One optimized inhibitor (VA4) was also shown to inhibit epidermal cancer stem cell invasion with an EC50 of 3.9 µM, representing a significant improvement over our previously reported ‘hit’ NC9.

Thiol Reactivity of N-Aryl α-Methylene-γ-lactams: Influence of the Guaianolide Structure [@KayBrummond]

 Daniel P. Dempe, Chong-Lei Ji, Peng Liu, and Kay M. Brummond The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2020 DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.2c01530 The α-meth...